Ms. Liu always loves to eat fruit. After she became pregnant, she heard that the skin of the baby would be better in the future by eating more fruit, so she desperately ate apples, eating eight or nine apples a day. Informed of diabetes. According to experts, it is not uncommon for Ms. Liu to induce diabetes due to excessive intake of fruit during pregnancy.
About 25% of pregnant women have high blood sugar every year, and about 5% of pregnant women will suffer from gestational diabetes, and this trend is increasing year by year.
Question: Pregnant women eat more fruits and are prone to diabetes
Pregnant women like to eat fruits, and they also eat fruits as vegetables. In order to give birth to a healthy and beautiful baby, many mothers-to-be try to eat fruit before giving birth. They think that this can fully supplement vitamins and make the baby born in the future have good skin. Experts point out that although fruits and vegetables are rich in vitamins, there are essential differences between the two. The fiber content in fruits is not high, but the fiber content in vegetables is very high. Excessive intake of fruits instead of vegetables directly reduces the fiber intake of pregnant women. And some fruits are high in sugar, and the sugar content in the diet during pregnancy is too high, which may also cause other diseases such as diabetes in pregnant women. It is recommended that pregnant women eat a balanced diet.
Question: What is gestational diabetes?
Women without diabetes who develop abnormal glucose tolerance during pregnancy are called "gestational diabetes", which may cause fetal congenital malformations, neonatal hypoglycemia and respiratory distress syndrome, stillbirth, polyhydramnios, premature birth , Pregnant women with urinary tract infection, headache, etc., not only affect the development of the fetus, but also endanger the health of the mother, so it is very important to check whether there is diabetes during pregnancy.
Reminder: High-risk groups for gestational diabetes
Factors associated with developing gestational diabetes are: ethnicity, family history of diabetes, obesity, past unexplained stillbirth or neonatal death, previous birth with macrocephaly, polyhydramnios, and maternal age over 30 years old. If you have one of the above risk factors, you should pay more attention to screening for gestational diabetes.
Help: How to test for gestational diabetes
At 24-28 weeks of pregnancy, after oral 50-gram glucose screening and 100-gram oral glucose tolerance test, the blood glucose concentration on an empty stomach, 1 hour, 2 hours and 3 hours after a meal is measured, if at least two of them are found. When it is higher than the standard value, it is diagnosed as gestational diabetes mellitus.
Use the doppler baby heart monitor to view the heartbeat of the fetus in the abdomen, observe the fetus at all times, and pay attention to his growth.